Adhoc networks find there application in the field of military tactical communications and various other emergency situations. Before we can efficiently use this type of network it is essential for us to understand the various control problems associated with adhoc networks. These include the power control problem. This problem infringes itself into the various layers of the OSI reference model. It basically affects the networking by affecting the battery life of the system. So the necessary solution is investigated over here, this solution being the COMPOW protocol. The second problem which we deal with is the Medium Access Control problem (MAC). The wireless medium is a shared medium hence the problem of ?who get the medium? is a big question. The basic protocol which helps us get over this control problem is the IEEE 802.11. Adhoc networks will be the future of the instrumentation and control systems hence its efficient working is very important..