The main biomass resources are
1)Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Wood, saw dust
2)Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Agricultural residues
3)Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Aquatic and marine biomass
4)Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Ã‚Â Wastes: municipal solid waste, municipal sewage sludge, animal waste, industrial waste etc.
Advantages of producer gas fuels
> Producer gas obtained from gasification of biomass can be used in dryers, kilns,
furnaces and boilers
> Producer gas obtained is free from noxious substances and contaminants.
> The internal combustion engine fueled by fuel gas from gasification have fewer
emission compared to petroleum derivatives fueled engines.
> Sulphur dioxide and NOx are normally absent in fuel gas from biomass
> Using this producer gas it is possible to operate a diesel engine on duel fuel mode.
Diesel substitution of the order of 80-85% can be obtained at nominal loads.
> Mechanical energy derived from the producer gas can be used for driving water
pumps, irrigation purposes or for coupling with an alternator for electrical power
Salient features of Biomass Gasifier
* High conversion efficiency of 70 - 80% from solid biomass to gaseous
* Each Kilogram of Biomass produces around 2.5 to 3.0 cubic meters of gas
having a calorific value of 1000 - 1100 kilocalories per cubic meter.
* A Liter of liquid fuels (diesel / gasoline) can be saved with only 3 to 4
kilograms of biomass.
* Extremely clean and complete combustion of gas due high hydrogen
* Positive environmental impact through saving of biomass in mot cases.
* Positive impact on global climate i.e. reduced threat of global warming.
Industrial uses of biomass gasifier
Thermal applications ( Drier )
Brick / tile kiln running on Biomass Gasifier
Island electrification and also for running of cottage industries on
Grid parallel operation / grid feeding
Chilling / cold storage applications
Biomass gasifier is a very important equipment in present days. It can remove the present energy crisis and enviornmental polution.Using the gasifier we can run a generator and generate electricity, can fuel our vehicles, can burn our stoves without fumes, can easily handle solid wastesÂ¦Â¦Â¦..
Further development of gasifier may lead our life to beautiful future