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The term electrowetting was first introduced in 1981 to describe an effect proposed for designing a new type of display device [G. Beni and S. Hackwood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 4, pp.207-209, 1981]. The electrowetting effect was originally defined as "the change in solid electrolyte contact angle due to an applied potential difference between the solid and the electrolyte". Electrowetting is akin to but distinct from electrocapillarity. In the past 25 years or so a large number of devices based on electrowetting have been devised. In particular, electrowetting has recently been used successfully as one of several techniques used to actuate microdroplets in a digital microfluidic device. Electrowetting is essentially a phenomenon whereby an electric field can modify the wetting behavior of a droplet in contact with an insulated electrode. If an electric field is applied non-uniformly then a surface energy gradient is created which can be used to manipulate a droplet sandwiched between two plates. Electrowetting arrays allow large numbers of droplets to be independently manipulated under direct electrical control without the use of pumps, valves or even fixed channels. Electrowetting is now used in a wide range of applications from modulab to adjustable lenses and electronic displays.
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plz send me more information & abtract about this topic
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plz send me more inf abt this topic
Post: #5
It s the modification of the wetting properties of a hydrophobic surface with an applied electric field. Gabriel Lippmann in 1875 explained the electrowetting behavior of mercury and other liquids.

Electrowetting theory
The formal definition of this effect is : "the change in solid-electrolyte contact angle due to an applied potential difference between the solid and the electrolyte" . the electrolyte droplet is pulled down onto the electrode by the fringing field at its corners thereby contact angle and increasing the droplet contact area. he energy stored in the capacitor formed between the conductor and the electrolyte adds to the Gibbs free energy raising it. the surface tension of an interface has an alternate definition that "it is the Gibbs free energy required to create a certain area of that surface". Thus when the Gibbs free energy surface tension changes accordingly.
This behaviour is better explained by the thermodynamic model. It gives a equation governing the the dependence of contact angle on the effective applied voltage as.

Only some surfaces show the theoretically predicted electrowetting behavior whose reasons are still being researched. Amorphous fluoropolymers form the best electrowetting materials. appropriate patterning can enhance their behaviour.

-adjustable lenses
-electronic displays
-switches for optical fibers.

for full details , refer these:
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pleaes send me the seminars report of electrowetting ...
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to get information about the topic ELECTROWETTING full report,ppt, related topic refer the link bellow

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