MOTIONLESS ELECTROMAGNETIC GENERATOR
Mr. Vijay Darshan Reddy
This paper is written to introduce one of the revolutionary apparatus in the world of free energy / over unity devices, namely Motionless Electromagnetic Generator (MEG) .The major objective behind the invention of MEG is to design a magnetic generator in which the generation of electricity is accomplished without moving parts and moreover which eliminates a need for an external power source during it's operation. In other words it is the objective to design a magnetic generator for which the coefficient of performance (COP) is well over unity (COP>1), i.e. which gives more output power than we inputted. In this paper, how these objectives are achieved is explained with the help of first version of MEG.
Over unity devices, Coefficient of performance, MEG. Conclusion:
This MEG is a revolutionary apparatus in the world of free energy, with which it overcomes the world's energy crisis.
The electrical energy needs of the world are increasing exponentially. At the same time, the world's oil supplies are peaking and will be gradually decreasing, while becoming ever more expensive to obtain. The easily foreseeable result is first a world energy crisis, now looming, followed by a world economic crisis as prices of transportation, goods, etc. increases. MEG can resolve this crisis that is coming upon us. Not only MEG but With all free energy systems and technologies, the increasing need for oil can be blunted and controlled, so that the economy levels off while at the same time additional electrical power is provided as needed. Some of the free energy technologies include Radiant energy/ Cold Electricity, Permanent magnets, Mechanical heaters, Super efficient electrolysis, Cold Fusion etc. These processes produce clean electrical power, do not require rivers, special conditions for windmills and solar cells, hydrocarbon combustion, or nuclear fuel rod consumption. They will provide clean (pollution free), cheap electrical energy anywhere, anytime, everywhere, and every time with no detrimental impact to the environment.
2. Permanent Magnets:
MEG operates in accordance with, very well known law in the electrical engineering literature, an extension of Faraday's law, indicating that an electrical current is induced within a conductor within a changing magnetic field, even if the source of the magnetic field is stationary. Harnessing the invisible force called Magnetism has already changed the world. It has given us electricity, radio, television, computers, and thousands of other things. But it's greatest gift to mankind is yet to be realized. Magnetism can provide a source of inexhaustible, pollution-free energy. In the last 120 years, dozens of inventors have reported success in harnessing magnetism to produce excess mechanical energy, electricity, and heat. With permanent magnets getting stronger and cheaper, all the time more and more researchers are probing the unknown properties of magnetism The device under consideration, MEG, also, utilizes thepermanent magnets to produce cop>1.0. Let us start our original discussion.
3 Principle of operation :
chieved is explained with the help of first version of MEG.
4 Construction and operation :From the above, we can observe that this device works on the principle of transformer rather than on the principle of generator. Not only in the principle but in construction also it resembles with a transformer. It consists of a permanent magnet, two magnetic paths external to the permanent magnet, each of which extends
between the opposite poles of the permanent magnet, switching means for causing magnetic flux to flow alternately along each of the two magnetic paths, one or more output coils in which current is induced to flow by means of change in magnetic field within the device. See figure.1, for basic setup of MEG. Fig.1, shows an electromagnetic generator including a permanent magnet, a magnetic core, first and second input coils, first and second output coils, and a switching circuit. The permanent magnet has magnetic poles at opposite ends. The magnetic core includes a first magnetic path, around which the first input and output coils extend, and a second magnetic path, around which the second input and output coils extend, between opposite ends of the permanent magnet. The switching circuit drives electrical current alternately through the first and second input coils. The electrical current driven through the first input coil causes the first input coil to produce a magnetic field opposing a concentration of magnetic flux from the permanent magnet within the first magnetic path. The electrical current driven through the second input coil causes the second input coil to produce magnetic flux opposing a concentration of magnetic flux from the permanent magnet within the second magnetic path. The essential function of the magnetic portion of an electrical generator is simply to switch magnetic fields in accordance with precise timing. In most conventional applications of magnetic generators, the voltage is switched across coils, creating magnetic fields in the coils which are used to override the fields of permanent magnets, so that a substantial amount of power must be furnished to the generator to power the switching means, reducing the efficiency of the generator. In the present apparatus, the path of the magnetic flux from a permanent magnet is switched in a manner not requiring the overpowering of the magnetic fields. Furthermore, a process of self -initiated iterative switching is used to switch the magnetic flux from the permanent magnet between alternate magnetic paths within the apparatus, with the power to operate the iterative switching being provided through a control circuit consisting of components known to use low levels of power. With self switching, a need for an external power source during the operation is eliminated, with a separate power source, such as battery, being used only for a very short time during start-up of the generator. For complete block diagram of MEG ,see figure.2.
5. Detailed description :
Fig.3 is a partly schematic front elevation of an electromagnetic generator 10, built to include a permanent magnet 12 to supply input lines of magnet flux moving from the north pole 14 of the magnet 12 outward into magnetic flux path core material 16. The flux path core material 16 is configured to form a right magnetic path 18 and a left magnetic 20, both of which extend externally between the north pole 14 and the south pole 22 of the magnet 12. The electromagnetic generator 10 is driven by means of a switching and control circuit 24, which alternately drives electrical current through a right input coil 26 and a left input coil 28. These input coils 26, 28 each extend around a portion of core material 16, with the right input coil 26 surrounding a portion of the right magnetic path 18 and with the left magnetic path 20.
Switching and COWÃ‚Â»T>1 circuit
KÃ‚Â«uÃ‚Â£n 1 filter
A right output coil 29 also surrounds a portion of the right magnetic path 18, while a left output coil 30 surrounds a portion of the left magnetic path 20. The switching and control circuit 24 and the input coils 26, 28 are arranged and so that, when the right input coil 26 is energized, a north magnetic pole is present at its left end 31, the end closest to north pole 14 of the permanent magnet 12, and so that, when the left input coil 28 is energized, a north magnetic pole is present at its left end 31, the end closest to the north pole 14 of the permanent magnet 12, and so that, when the left input coil 28 is energized, a north pole is present at its right end 32, which is also the end closest to the north pole 14 of the permanent magnet 12. Thus, when the right input coil 26 is magnetized, magnetic flux from the permanent magnet 12 is repelled from extending through the right input coil 26.
Similarly, when the left input coil 28 is magnetized, magnetic flux from the permanent magnet 12 is repelled from extending through the left input coil 28. Thus, it is seen that driving electrical current through the right input coil 26 opposes a concentration of flux from the permanent magnet 12 within the right magnetic path 18, causing at least some of this flux to be transferred to the left magnetic path 20. On the other hand, driving electrical current through the left input coil 28 opposes a concentration of flux from the permanent magnet 12 within the left path 20, causing at least some of this flux to be transferred to the right magnetic path 18.
While in the example of figure.3, the input coils 26, 28 are placed on either side of the north pole of the permanent magnet 12, being arranged along a portion of the core 16 extending from the north pole of the permanent magnet 12, it is understood that the input coils 26, 28 could as easily be alternately placed on either side of the south pole of the permanent magnet 12, with the input coils 26, 28 being wired to form, when energized, magnetic fields having south poles directed toward the south pole of the permanent magnet 12. In general, the input coils 26, 28 are arranged along the magnetic core on either side of an end of the permanent magnet forming a first pole, such as a north pole, with the input coils being arranged to produce magnetic fields of the polarity of the first pole directed toward the first pole of the permanent magnet. Further the input coils 26, 28 are never driven with so much current that the core material 16 becomes saturated. Driving the core material 16 to saturation means that subsequent increases in input current can occur without effecting corresponding changes in magnetic flux, and therefore that input power can be wasted.
In this way, this apparatus is provided with an advantage in terms of the efficient use of input power. In the electromagnetic generator 10, the switching of current flow within the input coils 26, 28 does not need to be sufficient to stop the flow of magnetic flux in one of the magnetic paths 18, 20 while promoting the flow of magnetic flux in other magnetic path. The electromagnetic generator 10 works by changing the flux pattern; it does not need to be completely switched from one side to another. Experiments have determined that this configuration is superior, in terms of the efficiency of using power within the input coils 26, 28 to generate electrical power within the output coils 29, 30, to the alternative of arranging input coils and the circuits driving them so that flux from the permanent magnet is driven through the input coils as they are energized. The right output coil 29 is electrically connected to a rectifier and filter 33, having an output driven through a regulator 34, which provides an output voltage adjustable through the use of a potentiometer 35. The output of the linear regulator 34 is in turn provided as an input to a sensing and switching circuit 36. Under start up conditions, the sensing and switching circuit 36 connects the switching and control circuit 24 to an external power source 38, which is, for example, a starting battery. After the electromagnetic generator 10 is properly started, the sensing and switching circuit 36 senses
that the voltage available from regulator 34 has reached a predetermined level, so that the power input to the switching and control circuit 24 is switched from the external power source to the output of regulator 34. After this switching occurs, the electromagnetic generator 10 continues to operate without an application of external power.
The left output coil 30 is electrically connected to a rectifier and filter 40, the output of which is connected to a regulator 42, the output voltage of which is adjusted by means of a potentiometer 43. The output of the regulator 42 is in turn connected to an external load 44.
6. Switching and control circuit :
Figure.4 shows schematic view of the first version of the switching and control circuit 24. An oscillator 50 drives the clock input of a flip-flop 54, with the Q and Q' outputs of the flip flop 54 being connected through driver circuits 56, 58 to power FETS 60, 62 so that the input coils 26, 28 are alternately driven. The voltage V applied to the Fig.5 shows a graphical view of the signals driving the gates of FETS 60, 62 of fig.4, with the voltage of the signal driving the gate 60 being represented by the line 64, and with the voltage of the signal driving FET 62 being represented by line 66.
Both of the coils 26, 28 are driven with positive voltages. Fig.6 is a schematic view of a second version of the switching and control circuit 24. In this version, an oscillator 70 drives the clock input of a flip-flop 72, with the Q, Q' outputs of the flip-flop 72 being connected to serve as triggers for one-shot 74, 76. The outputs of the one-shots 74, 76 are in turn connected through driver circuits 78, 80 to drive FETS 82, 84, so that the input coils 26, 28 are alternately driven with
the Q and Q' the flip-flop
TLATI n n
Fig .7 : Graphical view of the signals (hiving
die gates of FETS 82,84 of Fig JS.
Fig.7 is a graphical view of signals driving the gates of FETS 82, 84 of Fig.4, with the voltage of the signal driving the gate of FET 82 being represented by line 86, and with the voltage of the signal driving the gate of FET 84 being represented by line 88.
Importance of pulse-width : Referring again to fig. 3, power is generated in the right output coil 29 only when the level of magnetic flux is changing in the right magnetic path 18, and in the left output coil 30 only when the level of magnetic flux is changing in the left magnetic path 20. It is therefore desirable to determine, for a specific magnetic generator configuration, the width of the pulse providing the most rapid practical change in magnetic flux, and then to provide this pulse width either by varying the frequency of the oscillator 50 of the apparatus of fig.4, so that this pulse width is provided with the signals shown in fig.5, or by varying the time constant of the one-shots 74, 76 of fig.6, so that this pulse width is provided by the signals of fig.7 at a lower oscillator frequency. In this way, the input coils are not left on longer than necessary. When either of the input coils is on for a period of time longer than that necessary to produce the change in flux direction, power is being wasted through heating within the input coil without additional generation of power in the corresponding output coil. 7.MERITS
1 .The foremost merit of this generator is we get output greater than that of input, thus making COP>1
2. No rotating parts and hence reducing its frictional losses
3. No external power is required during its operation
4. It is pollution free and thus eco-friendly also meeting the needs of the world's energy crisis.
1.The present paper is entirely based on the " Motionless Electromagnetic Generator ", us patent #6,362,718, Mar. 26,2002, granted to L.Patrick, T.Bearden, J.C.Hayes, Kenneth D. Moore, James
L. Kenny. The inventors gave full freedom to everyone to use the material for education, demonstration purposes but not for the commercial purposes.
2. Dr. Tom Bearden - http://www.cheniere.org/
- Website for Dr. Tom Bearden. This is a great
site for people who are interested in free energy theory and how it fits into classical
3.Electromagnetic Magnetic Fields by William Hayth 4. Switching theory and logic theory by Godsey