“The technology for ultimate biomedical applications”
Paper Identification Number: SS-4.9
Nanotechnology can enable build the bridges for the human future through the use of microscopic robots comprised of nanocomponents.
Nanorobotics represents the next stage in miniaturization from micro machines. This paper presents certain distinct aspects that are used to achieve a successful nanorobotic system and their three dimensional visualization in real time.The nano-robots or nanobots, is expected to revolutionize the medical industry, with the ability to treat at a cellular level and make medical applications easy and effective.
Thought of Nano-robotics:
Nanorobotics deals with the controlled manipulation of objects with nanometer-scale dimensions. As an atom has a diameter of a few Ångstroms (1 Å = 0.1 nm = 10-10 m), and a molecule´s size is a few nanometers.
Nanorobotics is concerned with interactions with atomic- and molecular-sized objects, and is sometimes called molecular robotics.
The fact that enormous amounts of information can be carried in an exceedingly small space ,because in the tiniest cell, all of the information for the organization of a complex creature such as humans can be stored.
This peer-reviewed paper has been published by the Pentagram Research Centre (P) Limited. Responsibility of contents of this paper rests upon the authors and not upon Pentagram Research Centre (P) Limited. Copies can be obtained from the company.
Many of the cells are very tiny, but they are very active; they manufacture various substances, they walk around, they wiggle; and they do all kinds of marvelous things - all on a very small scale. Also, they store information. This thought lead to the launching of nanorobotics.
Medical nanotechnology is often expected to utilize nanorobots injected into the patient to perform their treatment on a cellular level. Instead, medical nanorobots may be manufactured in carefully controlled nanofactories in which nanoscale machines are solidly integrated into a desktop-scale machine that builds macroscopic products.
The primary emphasis is on precise actuation and control. Nanorobotics should be viewed as a long term research area with two primary thrusts. The first thrust is exploratory research into possible molecular based actuation. Examples include biological motors such as polymerase, microtubules, and myosin. The second thrust is for more near-term and applied but on a scale extending up to and including micromachines.
programmable assembly of nanoscale components;
design and fabrication of nanorobots with overall dimensions at the centimeter, millimeter and micrometer ranges and made of nanoscopic components; and programming and coordination of large numbers of nanorobots. Microfabrication techniques can produce intricate micromachines, however, these devices tend to be limited to 2-D construction. Developing tools such as micro-grippers and piezoelectric manipulators with nanometer level precision will make it possible to assemble both micromachined components and nanoscale components (such as carbon nanotubes) into 3-dimensional systems. These micro-to-nano ‘transition’ nanorobots could be of tremendous aid in studying cells and biological systems as well as nanoparticles and fibers.
Nanorobotics, an emerging field in medicine which states that nanorobots travel inside our bodies, digging for information, finding defects or delivering drugs. Basically, we may observe two distinct kind of nanorobot utilization. One is nanorobots for the surgery intervention, and the other is nanorobot to monitor patients’ body. For the first case, a most suitable approach is the tele-operation of nanorobots as valuable tools for biomedical engineering problems. Hence, for example surgery experts guiding a minimally invasive medical procedure. For cases such as monitoring the human body, the nanorobots are expected to follow a defined set of specified activation rules for triggers of designed behaviors. In such case the nanorobot is designed to be able to interact with the 3D human body environment, in order to fulfil programmed tasks.
The nanorobots require specific controls, sensors and actuators, basically in accordance with each kind of biomedical application. Sensors may be wireless ultra fast, super sensitive, and non-invasive and may use chemical, electronic or photonic based detection
Nanorobot 3D design. The depicted bluecones shows the sensors “touching” areas that triggers the nanorobots’ behaviors. Computational nanoborotics approaches are being explored successfully in nanoscience and nanotechnology research, to provide researchers with an intuitive way to interact with materials and devices at the nanoscale.