Laboratories throughout the world are rapidly gaining atomically precise control over matter. As this control extends to an ever wider variety of materials, processes and devices, opportunities for applications relevant to aerospace missions will be created. We would like to survey a number of future molecular nanotechnology capabilities of aerospace interest. Computer applications, launch vehicle improvements, and active materials appear to be of particular interest. If advanced molecular nanotechnology can be developed, almost all of aerospace endeavors will be radically improved. We can utilize the molecular nanotechnology in aerospace transportation, space science, human exploration and development of space and so on. In particular, a sufficiently advanced molecular nanotechnology can arguably bring large scale space colonization within our grasp.
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