Prepared by: TALAJIA DIPESH S.
The Government of India has approved the proposal to use multiapplication smart cards with Unique Identities (UIDs) for citizens to facilitate easy verification, availing of government or private services, help welfare programs reach intended beneficiaries and for serving as basis for e-Governance. Empowered Group of Ministers (EGOM) headed by the External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherji has approved the setting up of a Unique Identity (UID) Authority for this purpose. The proposed system envisages collaboration among several government agencies backed by intensive use of information technology. It would help every individual for a variety of purposes such as better targeting of government's development schemes, regulatory purposes (including taxation and licensing), security purposes, banking and financial sector activities. The Unique Identity (UID) project seeks to assign a UID number to each individual in the country that would remain a permanent identifier right from birth to death of the individual. The UID would obviate the need for a person to produce multiple documentary proofs of his identity for availing of any government service, or private services like opening of a bank account. This would end needless harassment that people face for availing of basic government services like issuance of passports, driving licenses and electoral identity cards. Backed by intensive use of technology, it would greatly facilitate easy verification of a person's identity and enable a single communication to trigger address changes in all relevant agencies records. It would also serve as the basis for many e-Governance services incorporating online verification of a person's identity. UID would enable government to ensure that benefits under various welfare programs reach the intended beneficiaries, prevent cornering of benefits by a few people and minimize frauds. to all Indians. The authority would provide a database of residents containing very simple data in biometrics. The agency is headed by a chairman, holds a cabinet rank. The UIDAI is part of the Planning Commission of India.
Nandan Nilekani, a former cochairman of Infosys Technologies, was appointed as the first Chairman of the authority in June 2009. R.S Sharma, an IAS Officer of Jharkhand Government cadre has been appointed as the Director General and Mission Director of the Authority. He is known for his best effort in e-Governance project. Actually the authority was notified on January 28 this year as an attached office under the aegis of the Planning Commission with an initial core team of 115 officials and staff. The scheme will be implemented in three years. The UID project, however, has been in the offing for over six years. For instance, in 2008, the government implemented a pilot project for a MNIC “Multi-Purpose National Identity Card “in 13 districts of 12 states and one Union Territory wherein more than 1.2 million identity cards were issued to people above 18 years of age. Unique Identification Authority of India TALAJIA DIPESH S. Page No: 9 of 43 Besides, to facilitate the project, Section 14A was inserted in the Citizenship Act, 1955 to issue a national identity card to every citizen of the country. The MNIC project was initiated under the Vajpayee-led NDA government and continued by the current UPA government under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The government has earmarked Rs 100 crore (Rs 1 billion) in the interim budget to kickstart the UID project. This pilot is expected to be on the lines of the social security number in the US (United States). It's a transformational project for the country as it will overlay many underlying projects, creating huge efficiencies for the country leading to enhanced governance and reduced costs. The project envisages assigning a unique identification number to each resident in the country to eliminate the need for multiple identification mechanisms. The necessity for a centrally-issued ID was accentuated by the growing problems of illegal immigrants in various parts of the country. However, the events of November 26 in Mumbai accelerated the setting up of the UIDAI. The UID will be issued to people living in the coastal villages of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa , Karnataka, Kerala , Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. The Union Territories of Dadar and Nagar Haveli, Lakshadweep, Puducherry and Andaman & Nicobar Islands shall also be covered in this first phase expected to deliver the identity cards by early 2010.
.doc file is not available?
please provide the presentation slides too... please interesting topic
Im Deepak studying in Final Year, computer science branch. I need a topic for my final year project. Im thinking of taking up a part of UID kind of project(Not exactly same but something related to UID). Is that possible..??So any suggestion from your side....???
but i have ppt.
please send ppt file as soon as possible.
muy mail: muralikrishna56[at]gmail.com.
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is an agency of the Government of India responsible for implementing the envisioned Multipurpose National Identity Card or Unique Identification card (UID Card) project in India. It was established in February 2009, and will own and operate the Unique Identification Number database.
• The authority will aim at providing a unique number to all Indians, but not smart cards.
• The authority would provide a database of residents containing very simple data in biometrics.
• The agency is headed by a chairman, who holds a cabinet rank. The UIDAI is part of the Planning Commission of India.
• Nandan Nilekani, a former co-chairman of Infosys Technologies, was appointed as the first Chairman of the authority in June 2009.
Name and logo
UID project is known as AADHAAR meaning 'support' or 'foundation',
and its logo is a yellow sun with a fingerprint embedded in its centre. The logo was designed by Atul Sudhakar Rao Pande.
UIDAI launched AADHAAR program in the tribal village, Tembhli, in Nandurbar, Maharashtra on 29th September,2010. The program was inaugurated by Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh along with UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi. The first resident to receive an AADHAAR was Rajana Sonawane of Tembhli village.
Coverage, goals and logistics
• It is believed that Unique National IDs will help address the rigged state elections, widespread embezzlement that affects subsidies and poverty alleviation programs such as NREGA.
• Addressing illegal immigration into India and terrorist threats is another goal of the program
• Most reports suggest that the plan is for each Indian citizen to have a unique identification number with associated identifying biometric data and photographs by 2011.
• However, other reports claim that obtaining a unique number would be voluntary, but those that opt to stay out of the system "will find it very inconvenient: they will not have access to facilities that require you to cite your ID number.
• The UID will link a person's Passport Number, Driving License, PAN card, Bank Accounts, Address, Voter ID, etc and all this information will be checked through a database. So, for example, if someone has different addresses on
Projected costs and business opportunities
• One estimate of the cost to completely roll-out National IDs to all Indian residents above the age of 18 has been placed at 150,000 crore (US$33.3 billion).
• UID has received a huge boost with Dr Pranab Mukherjee, Minister of Finance, allocating Rs 1900 crore to the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) for 2010-11.
• Initial estimates project that the initiative will create 1000 new jobs in the country, and business opportunities worth 6500 crore (US$1.44 billion) in the first phase of implementation.
• According to the UIDAI Model Aadhaar is dependent on biometrics being reliable enough to guarantee that there is a one-for-one correspondence between real people and electronic identities on the CIDR (central ID repository). UIDAI face a risk. Suppose the biometrics let them down?
• In December 2010, UIDAI published the report on their proof of concept trial designed to test, among other things, whether biometrics are reliable enough to guarantee that every entry on the CIDR is unique. UIDAI's figures published in the report suggest that no, the biometrics are not reliable enough, Aadhaar will drown in a sea of false positives
• There are many potential privacy fallouts of this project, not the least of which is triggered by the Government's official plan to link the databases together.
• Although there is sometimes a tension between individual privacy rights and national security, international law and India’s domestic law expressly set a standard in tort law and through constitutional law to protect an individual’s privacy from unlawful invasion. Under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), ratified by India, an individual’s right to privacy is protected from arbitrary or unlawful interference by the state.
• Risks that arise from this centralization include possible errors in the collection of information, recording of inaccurate data, corruption of data from anonymous sources, and unauthorized access to or disclosure of personal information.
1.What is UDIAI (Aadhaar)?
• Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique number which the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) will issue for all residents. The number will be stored in a centralised database and linked to the basic demographics and biometric information – photograph, ten fingerprints and iris – of each individual. The details of the data fields and verification procedures are available here.
Aadhaar will be:
• Easily verifiable in an online, cost-effective way
• Unique and robust enough to eliminate the large number of duplicate and fake identities in government and private databases
• A random number generated, devoid of any classification based on caste, creed, religion and geography